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Scrum Roles: Understanding them is the key to achieving your goals in any software development project.

In other articles, we have talked about what Scrum is, its mechanics, and some of its roles, however, it is very important to keep in mind its definition. Scrum is a process of collaboratively performing a set of tasks regularly to fulfill a particular objective within a specific time frame.


Let’s now talk about Scrum roles, their responsibilities, skills, and the importance they play in the proper implementation of this methodology. With this clear, we will get more organization and efficiency. So, let’s start:

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Scrum Master


The Scrum Master is responsible for ensuring the effectiveness of all Scrum Team roles, helping each of its members improve their practices. They are also in charge of clearing any roadblocks that stand in the way of achieving the objectives. This role serves the product owner, the development team, and the organization as a whole.


Scrum Master Responsibilities:


  • Guide team members to be self-managing and cross-functional. 
  • Ensure the smooth progress of the project. 
  • Ensure that all Scrum events are conducted productively. 
  • Set up a clear product schedule. 
  • Ease and encourage teamwork. 
  • Assess and map out Scrum implementation across the organization. 
  • Lead, train and guide the organization in the implementation of the Scrum methodology. 


Scrum Master Skills


  • Teamwork.
  • Problem-solving. 
  • Leadership and innovation.
  • Organization and planning. 
  • Delegation of tasks. 
  • Adaptation to change.
  • Interpersonal communication.    

Product Owner


This role is in charge of maximizing the product value and the work of the Scrum Team. It is really important to keep in mind that there is only one Product Owner per project, it is a single person, not a committee, and they are the only person who makes the final choices regarding the products. However, they can rely on other Scrum roles to clarify details and define criteria to help make the best decisions.

Product Owner Responsibilities


  • Develop and communicate the product objective. 
  • Manage the Product Backlog. 
  • Sort the items in the Product Backlog. 
  • Sort and prioritize tasks for higher productivity. 
  • Ensure that the product list is clear and understood. 
  • Represent the customer and their interests to obtain the highest possible value for the business.


Product Owner Skills


  • Solid vision. 
  • Mastery of business tools.
  • Collaborative. 
  • Responsive.
  • Ability to make decisions.
  • Analysis of customer needs and competitive environment. 
  • Interpersonal communication.
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Equipo de desarrollo


Ellos son los encargados de entregar los productos de acuerdo con los estándares establecidos. Los Scrum Developers son equipos muy estructurados y multifuncionales que tienen la autoridad para organizar y gestionar su trabajo, así como para tomar sus propias decisiones. Este método no reconoce títulos ni subequipos dentro de los roles de Scrum, pues todos son responsables de los resultados. 


Ahora, ¿cuántas personas deben formar tu equipo de desarrolladores Scrum?, “el tamaño ideal de un equipo de Scrum debe ser lo suficientemente pequeño como para permanecer ágil, pero suficientemente grande como para completar todo el trabajo”. 

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Responsabilidades equipo de desarrollo


  • Entregar tareas de desarrollo “terminadas” (Done) que potencialmente se pueda poner en producción al final de cada Sprint.
  • Solo los miembros del equipo de desarrollo realizan entregables


Habilidades equipo de desarrollo


  • La organización
  • Eficiencia y efectividad del propio equipo de desarrollo.
  • Auto-organización 
  • Ser multifuncionales, es decir, deben disponer de todas las habilidades necesarias para llevar a cabo el desarrollo. 

Stakeholders (o interesados del proyecto)


Son básicamente todas las demás personas que intervienen en el proyecto, pero que no forman parte del Equipo de Scrum. Aun así, tienen uno de los roles más importantes.


Son fuente de información para el Equipo de Scrum. La organización debe promover que trabajen en función a lo que el equipo necesita para completar el Sprint.


Ejemplos de Stakeholders son los usuarios finales, gerencias, sponsors, equipos de TI del lado del cliente y cualquier otra persona que vaya a interactuar con el proyecto.

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